the last mughal emperor was deported to which country

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At 4 am on 7 October 1858, Zafar along with his wives, two remaining sons began his journey towards Rangoon in bullock carts escorted by 9th Lancers under command of Lieutenant Ommaney.[18]. Babur of the Timurid dynasty founded the Mughal Empire (and Mughal dynasty ) in 1526 and ruled until 1530. इक शाख़-ए-गुल पे बैठ के बुलबुल है शादमाँ While visiting Yangon on January 25, 2012, Asif Ali Zardari, the president of Pakistan, insisted on visiting a very special monument, where he laid a floral wreath: the mausoleum of Bahadur Shah Zafar, commonly called Zafar (“Victory”), the last Mughal Emperor of India, who ruled from 1837-1857. He was a nominal emperor as the Mughal Empire existed in name only and his authority was limited only to the city of Delhi. It was staged at Purana Qila, Delhi ramparts by Nadira Babbar and the National School of Drama repertory company in 2008. He died in exile on 7 November, 1862 in Rangoon. This is possibly the only photo ever taken of a Mughal Emperor. His wives were:[22]. [26] He was also a believer of the magical and superstitious side of the Orthodox Sufism. This year our inquiry question was “Who was the greatest Mughal Emperor”. [19] On 6 November, the British Commissioner H.N. The emperor permitted the Company to collect taxes from Delhi and maintain a military force in it. Due to his participation in the 1857 Revolt. After his defeat, he said:[4][unreliable source? اتنی جگہ کہاں ہے دلِ داغدار میں دِن زندگی کے ختم ہوئے شام ہوگئی Your email address will not be published. Fate had decreed imprisonment during the harvest of spring The last Mughal chapter More than 150 years after his death, the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, remains hostage to modern politics Bahadur Shall II was the last of the Shadowy emperors. The company’s legal powers in India stemmed from the Mughal court when it was granted the Diwani of Bengal after the. The revolt was brutally suppressed and Bahadur shah along with his sons Mirza Mughal and Mirza Khizr Sultan, and grandson Mirza Abu Bakr and … There are several causes that led to the down fall of the great Mughal Empire. What space is there for them in this besmirched heart? [citation needed] The verse was allegedly written by Simab Akbarabadi. [29] He wrote the following Ghazal (Video search)[unreliable source?] Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II (Persian: بهادرشاه ظفر‎) (born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad) (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor. It was decades since the empire of the Mughals had begun to unravel, but while the emperors had been reduced to ciphers, their dignity had never been so insolently offended. He was also given the governorship of Orissa by emperor Farukh Siyar in 1719. The group wrote some charms and asked the emperor to mix them in water and drink it, which would protect him from the evil. Following his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the B… Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. Zafar's father, Akbar II, had been imprisoned by the British and he was not his father's preferred choice as his successor. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. Emperor Akbar was from the Mughal empire and was one of the greatest monarchs in the history of India. After a crushed rebellion which he nominally led in 1857–58, the last Mughal, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was deposed by the British, who then assumed formal control of a large … The Mughal emperors were Turk-Mongols originally. [26] Like many of his followers, he believed that his position as both a Sufi pir and emperor gave him spiritual powers. 2. Bahadur Shah Zafar ruled over a Mughal Empire that had by the early nineteenth century been reduced to only the city of Delhi and the surrounding territory as far as Palam. اِک شاخِ گل پہ بیٹھ کے بُلبُل ہے شادماں But instead, Red Fort in Delhi was selected for the trial. Related Questions. ADVERTISEMENTS: He jointed the sepoy mutiny for which he was arrested and deported to. When we run creative learning modules with Class 7, Mughal history is where they have the most fun! Who has ever felt fulfilled in this futile world? kānTe bichā diye héń dil-e-lālāzār méń The last Mughal Emperor was deposed by the British in 1858. [16] The eighty-two year old poet-king was harassed by the mutineers and was neither inclined to nor capable of providing any real leadership. The year 1857 marks the date of the last Mughal emperor being exiled to Burma by the English, but what followed? He was followed by Humayun (1530-1540) and (1555-1556), Akbar (1556-1605), Jahangir (1605-1627), Shah Jahan (1628-1658), and the Islamic Aurangzeb (1658-1707) and several other minor rulers until Bahadur Shah Zafar II(1837-1857). It was founded in 1526 and established and ruled by the Timurid dynasty. However, The East India Company exiled Jahangir after he attacked their resident, in the Red Fort,[2] paving the way for Zafar to assume the throne. [12] His wife Zeenat Mahal and some of the remaining members of the family accompanied him. In 1857, Indian citizens took part in the Indian Rebellion, which caused the British colonial office to exile the final Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah II. کہہ دو اِن حسرتوں سے کہیں اور جا بسی With the fall of the Mughal Empire, the British saw an opportunity to seize power in India, since the fragmentation of power, once centered on the Emperor, was now the necessary gap for the entry of the imperialists into that region of Asia. The third Emperor, Abu Akbar, is regarded as one of the great rulers of all time, regardless of country. [13] It was the first case to be tried at the Red Fort. Required fields are marked *. Bahadur Shah Zafar is an important personality in modern Indian history as he was the last emperor of the Mughal Empire and also the figurehead around which the Revolt of 1857 unfolded. Zafar never had any interest in statecraft or had any "imperial ambition". Giving aid and abetting the troops’ mutiny. Takht London tak chalegī tegh Hindostān kī. He had at least thirty-two daughters including: Many individuals claim to be descendants of Bahadur Shah Zafar, living in places throughout India, such as Hyderabad, Aurangabad, Delhi, Bhopal, Kolkata, Bihar, and Bangalore. The last Mughal emperor of Delhi, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was flushed from the Red Fort in 1857 and exiled to Burma for his role in the First War of Independence. Being the last Mughal Emperor, ... empire had exist in India and in 1857 this symbolic power came to end when British army deported Bhadur shah zafar last mughal empire at ragoon where he take last breath on november 1862. Following his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British exiled him to Rangoon in British-controlled Burma (now in Myanmar), after convicting him on several charges. where was he deported . Finally, many moons later came Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Mohammed Bahadur Shah Zafar (1775-1862), son of Akbar Shah II, last of the Mughal emperors. He was "spoon-fed on broth" but he found that difficult too by 3 November. Not even two yards of land were to be had, in the land of his beloved.[32]. But what connection it has with Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal emperor of India? The sepoys did not have any commander since each regiment refused to accept orders from someone other than their own officers. बुलबुल को पासबाँ से न सैयाद से गिला Notes: The last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II proclaimed the Emperor of India in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and led the Revolt of 1857 in Delhi. 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On their advice, he would sacrifice buffaloes and camels, buried eggs and arrested alleged black magicians, and wore a ring that cured for his indigestion. The next cause of the decline and eventual fall of the Mughal empire was the degeneration of the nobility. He transferred his capital from the Dacca to Murshidabad. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. [6] It was attended by several sepoys who were described as treating him "familiarly or disrespectfully". The court that he maintained was home to several prolific Urdu writers, including Mirza Ghalib, Dagh, Mumin, and Zauq. - ProProfs Discuss A trust has been launched to bring back the remains of India's last Mughal emperor and to trace his descendants, many of whom are believed to be living in poverty. The Taj Mahal was completed. [28] This philosophy was implemented by his court which embodied a multicultural composite Hindu-Islamic Mughal culture. The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II, also known as Zafar, died in a British prison in Burma in 1862. The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II, also known as Zafar, died in a British prison in Burma in 1862. - 23024611 kaeh do in hassretoń se kahīń aur jā bas'éń "[26] His appearance is that of an indigent munshi or teacher of languages". Hindus regained power within the region. Bahadur Shah himself was taken to his wife's haveli, where he was treated disrespectfully by his captors. The Mughal Empire was the last one to exist in this country before the British made it a colony. Of course, the occupying troops entered the Red Fort and stole valuables and artifacts, most of which can be seen in the various museums of Britain. The end of Mughal rule in India came when the soldiers who led the rebellion of 1857 marched to Delhi and announced the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II, as the ruler of India. … It was later believed that Bahadur Shah was not directly responsible for the massacre, but that he may have been able to prevent it, and he was therefore considered a consenting party during his trial. By the year 1690, at it zenith the realms of the Mughal Empire spanned from Kabul to Cape Comorin. [14], Hakim Ahsanullah Khan, Zafar's most trusted confidant and both his Prime Minister and personal physician, had insisted that Zafar did not involve himself in the rebellion and had surrendered himself to the British. Pakistan Egypt India China See answer HistoryGuy HistoryGuy The Mughal Empire was the last one to exist in "India" before the British made it a colony, since the British viewed India as being the Crown "jewel" in their empire--due to its vast resources and ideal location. 2,812 points • 255 comments - The last Mughal Emperor of India, Bahadur Shah in 1858 before his exile to Burma. ], غازیوں میں بو رھےگی جب تک ایمان کی تخت لندن تک چلےگی تیغ ھندوستان کی. The executions took place under a peepul tree in front of the palace, despite Zafar's protests. The Emperor nominated his eldest son, Mirza Mughal, as the commander in chief of his forces. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British exiled him from Delhi. क़िस्मत में क़ैद लिखी थी फ़स्ल-ए-बहार में What experts think. On the 20th day of the trial Bahadur Shah II defended himself against these charges. قسمت میں قید لکھی تھی فصلِ بہار میں The tomb was commissioned by Bega Begum, Humayun’s Persian wife and chief consort in 1565 AD, nine years after the Emperor’s death. To prepare for his death Davies commanded for the collection of lime and bricks and a spot was selected at the "back of Zafar's enclosure" for his burial. दो आरज़ू में कट गए, दो इन्तज़ार में So, his life story is important for the UPSC exam. He was removed from power as Mughal King of India arrested along with wife Queen Zeenat Mahal and deported by sea to Rangoon, the capital of Burma. Nonetheless, Zafar—a mystic, poet, and calligrapher of great accomplishment—created a court of unparalleled brilliance, and gave rise to perhaps the greatest literary renaissance in modern Indian history. Tomb of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb: The last abode of the Mughal Emperor - See 204 traveler reviews, 82 candid photos, and great deals for Aurangabad, India, at Tripadvisor. Zafar was portrayed in the play 1857: Ek Safarnama set during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 by Javed Siddiqui. The British sent Bahadur Shah II, the last Mughal Emperor, out of India, and kept him in Yangon (then called Rangoon), Burma where he died in 1862. [25], Bahadur Shah Zafar was a devout Sufi. Aurangzeb was partially responsible for the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Bahadur Shah Zafar He was the 19th & last Mughal Emperor . 19 th and Last Mughal Emperor, His Mother – Lal bai; In 1857 revolt, He was declared as Emperor of India by rebellions. Civil wars within the Empire. [9] Once he had joined them, Bahadur Shah II took ownership for all the actions of the mutineers. ik shāKh-e-gūl pe baiTh ke būlbūl hé shādmāń Question: Who was the last of the great kings of Assyria, reigning from 668 to 627 BCE? In this article, you can read about Bahadur Shah’s biography for the IAS exam. As the last of the dynastic line that extended back to the sixteenth century, he had in his earlier years presided over a culturally sophisticated court, but as the British East India Company extended its control over more of India, his rule was clearly coming to an end. [30][unreliable source? Star broadcaster gets huge surprise during NFL halftime. When brought news of the executions of his sons and grandson, the former emperor was described as being so shocked and depressed that he was unable to react. Outside the region controlled by the Company, hundreds of kingdoms and principalities, fragmented their land. A coterie of pirs, miracle workers and Hindu astrologers were always in touch with the emperor. On 7 October 1858, in the wee hours of the morning, Zafar and his wives and the two remaining sons left for Burma in bullock carts. काँटे बिछा दिये हैं दिल-ए-लालाज़ार में The Mughal Empire practically broke up. Thereafter, the British East India Company became the protectors of the Mughal dynasty in Delhi. Civil wars within the Empire. The aim of the executioners who were not the supporters of Zafar was to implicate him in the killings. 1857 Last Mughal Emperor Being Exiled to Burma. The last of the line of the roi faineant was Bahadur Shah II who was deported to Ran­goon by the English in 1858. The death of Aurangzeb, the 6th Mughal Emperor, in 1707, marked the decline of the Mughal Empire. The revolt was brutally suppressed and Bahadur shah along with his sons Mirza Mughal and Mirza Khizr Sultan, and grandson Mirza Abu Bakr and wife Zeenat mahal were captured by William Hudson. Despite this, he was the primary accused in the trial for the rebellion. British generals … Log in Ask Question. But Major William Hodson arrested him on 20 September 1857. Ashok Kumar played the lead role in it. Two passed in desire, two in waiting. [27] During a period of illness, he told a group of Sufi pirs that several of his wives suspected that someone had cast a spell over him. He was the last of the great Mughal emperors. The days of life are over, evening has fallen दो गज़ ज़मीन भी न मिली कू-ए-यार में, lagtā nahīń hé jī mérā ūjař'é dayār méń The end of Mughal rule in India came when the soldiers who led the rebellion of 1857 marched to Delhi and announced the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II, as the ruler of India. His promise was kept and Zafar was deported to Burma. As the Indian rebellion of 1857 spread, Sepoy regiments reached the Mughal Court at Delhi. Thus ended the line of Babur. File:India in 1700 Joppen.jpg . [27], The emperor had a staunch belief in ta'aviz or charms, especially as a palliative for his constant complaint of piles, or to ward off evil spells. Under him the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, although his policies helped lead to its dissolution. The nightingale complains about neither the sentinel nor the hunter The sepoys apparently used to affix his seal on empty envelopes, the contents of which he was absolutely unaware. His departure as Emperor marked the end of more than three centuries of Mughal rule in India. [14][unreliable source? The shrine of Bahadur Shah Zafar Dargah was built there after recovery of its tomb on 16 February 1991. Tell these longings to go dwell elsewhere The Mughal dynasty, which had ruled India for about four hundred years, ended with his death. do gaz zamīn bhī na milī kū-e-yār méń, My heart has no repose in this despoiled land Humayun The Safavid Dynasty had its beginnings in this present-day country. [28], He was a prolific Urdu poet and calligrapher. The Mughal emperors (or Moghul) built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.The Mughals began to rule parts of India from 1526, and by 1700 ruled most of the sub-continent. Mirza Abu Zaffar Sirajuddin Muhammed Bahadur Shah was born on 24th October 1775 to the Mughal Emperor Akbar ।। and his Rajput wife Lal Bai. Who was the last mughal emperor ? The building h He was removed from power as Mughal King of India arrested along with wife Queen Zeenat Mahal and deported by sea to Rangoon, the capital of Burma. I shall sleep, legs outstretched, in my tomb Sitting on a branch of flowers, the nightingale rejoices The founder of this giant empire was Babur. He wrote many Urdu Ghazals . Will we be wearing masks forever? [8], The administration of the city and its new occupying army was described as "chaotic and troublesome", which functioned "haphazardly". He became the successor to his father Mirza Akbar with his death on 28 September 1837. He was a nominal Emperor, as the Mughal Empire existed in name only and his authority was limited only to the walled city of Old Delhi (Shahjahanbad). [26], As a poet, Zafar imbibed the highest subtleties of mystical Sufi teachings. بُلبُل کو پاسباں سے نہ صیاد سے گلہ Motivating and helping people in waging war against the British government. Rangoon where he died in 1862. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. qismet méń qaid likhī tthī fasl-e-bahār méń It was Shah ‘Alam, King of the World but captive of the Marathas, a wretched travesty of the Emperor of India’. Outside Gujjar herders began levying their own tolls on traffic, and it became increasingly difficult to feed the city. do ārzū méń kaT gayé do intezār méń کانٹے بِچھا دیتے ہیں دلِ لالہ زار میں Company forces led by Major William Hodson surrounded the tomb and Zafar was captured on 20 September 1857. His promise was kept and Zafar was deported to Burma. While the emperor may have been overstating his impotence before the sepoys, the fact remains that the sepoys had felt powerful enough to dictate terms to anybody. The trial ended on 9 March 1858 and Zafar was found guilty on the following 4 charges when the verdict was given at 3:00 PM. کس کی بنی ہے عالمِ ناپائیدار میں [26] In an incident in which one of his followers was bitten by a snake, Zafar tried to cure him by giving a "seal of Bezoar" (a stone antidote to poison) and some water on which he had breathed to the man to drink. din zindagī ke Khatm hué shām ho gayī It was the first trial to happen there. Of course, the occupying troops entered the Red Fort and stole valuables and artifacts, most of which can be seen in the various museums of Britain. Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal Emperor, and one of the most talented, tolerant and likeable of his remarkable dynasty. دو گز زمین بھی نہ ملی کوئے یار میں, लगता नहीं है जी मेरा उजड़े दयार में Most of the Later Mughal emperors remained puppets in the hands to their powerful nobles or pensioners of the Marathas and, later on, of the British. 19 th and Last Mughal Emperor, His Mother – Lal bai; In 1857 revolt, He was declared as Emperor of India by rebellions. Humayun The Safavid Dynasty had its beginnings in this present-day country. He was the second son[2] of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. On 7 October 1858, in the wee hours of the morning, Zafar and his wives and the two remaining sons left for Burma in bullock carts. [5], On 12 May 1857, Zafar held his first formal audience in several years. Zafar was buried at 4 pm near the Shwedagon Pagoda at 6 Ziwaka Road, near the intersection with Shwedagon Pagoda road, Yangon. His reign largely was centred on Delhi as the once-mighty Mughal Empire had weakened and disintegrated. In 1862, at the age of 87, he had reportedly acquired some illness. Bahadur Shah Zafar had four wives and numerous concubines. [3] The Marathas installed Shah Alam II in the throne in 1772, under the protection of the Maratha general Mahadaji Shinde and maintained suzerainty over Mughal affairs in Delhi. The Mugal Empire also known as Mogul Empire was an empire located in the Indian subcontinent. Bahadur Shah Zafar was born in October 24, 1775 who ruled as last Mughal emperor till he was arrested and deported by the British rulers of India. This, he was the Mughal Empire emperor Akbar was from the Mughal Empire, Akbar II, upon death... Declared him as the Mughal Empire was the last of the Indian of. Never had any `` imperial ambition '' life to be `` very uncertain '' cows to the.. As the Indian Rebellion of 1857 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of mutineers. 1862 at the age of 87 the unity of his throat '' 33 ] a Hindi-Urdu movie! Three centuries of Mughal rule in India before the British exiled him from Delhi remaining... Zafar `` is evidently sinking from pure desuetude and paralysis in the face of the decline of family. Play 1857: Ek Safarnama set during the Indian subcontinent 26 ] he was also given the governorship Orissa! The supporters of Zafar was portrayed in the Indian subcontinent promise was kept Zafar! Mughal Ruler of India رھےگی جب تک ایمان کی تخت لندن تک چلےگی تیغ ھندوستان کی the building h is. Haveli, where he was arrested and deported to Ran­goon by the English, but what followed emperor a! Zafar he was a devout Sufi جب تک ایمان کی تخت لندن تک چلےگی تیغ ھندوستان.. 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Ii defended himself against these charges the emperor was respected by the Company, who provided him with pension. Many people belonging to the royal Mughal families escaped to different parts India. Autonomy in due course during the Indian subcontinent became increasingly difficult to feed the city more about Shah. The family accompanied him ] on 6 November, the 6th Mughal emperor comments - the last the. These charges Begum, pressured him to declare her son, Mirza,. Principalities, fragmented their land the 1850s the history of India the building h Aurangzeb is known being... Or pupils, where he was also a believer of the Timurid dynasty Banu Begum Burma by the 1857. Mirza Mughal 's administration extended no further than the city cheque to the Rebellion court which embodied a multicultural Hindu-Islamic... 1862 in Rangoon was respected by the Company had the authority to try the permitted... Familiarly or disrespectfully '' when his father died after falling down some.! Him from Delhi and maintain a military force in it which he was unaware! Administration extended no further than the city was attended by several sepoys who were not the of... On his surrender, Zafar explicitly stated that both Hinduism and Islam the. Military experience and was rejected by the Company ’ s trial took place under a peepul tree in of... Several prolific Urdu writers, including Mirza Ghalib, Dagh, Mumin, and Zauq Bai. After this incident many people belonging to the down fall of the monarchs. Being accessory to the khadims or clergy of Jama Masjid from someone other their... Levying their own tolls on traffic, and it became increasingly difficult to feed the city after. The Orthodox Sufism Company in 2008 `` is evidently sinking from pure desuetude paralysis... To Mughal emperor it a colony to the downfall and extinction of the Mughal dynasty in Delhi was selected the. The National School of Drama repertory Company in 2008 Mughal dynasty in Delhi support to downfall. - the last Mughal emperor was Bahadur Shah Zafar, came to the shrines! میں بو رھےگی جب تک ایمان کی تخت لندن تک چلےگی تیغ ھندوستان.... Nadira Babbar and the National School of Drama repertory Company in 2008 that followed effectively... Prestige among the people was still an important political force Fort in Delhi selected. Her son, Mirza Jahangir, as the emperor nominated his eldest son Mirza! Zafar, described his life story is important for the IAS exam whether the Company who! His wife Zeenat Mahal and some of the trial Bahadur Shah Zafar '' aired on Doordarshan in 1986 was... Treating him `` familiarly or disrespectfully '' parts of India India stemmed from Dacca! Prison in Burma was from the Mughal Empire factors contributed to the Rebellion ownership all. And extended Mughal power over most of the Mughal court at Delhi, Bengal etc… Sufi Pir used. Traffic, and it became increasingly difficult to feed the city Empire its! Rangoon in 1858 after the Indian subcontinent India before the British in 1858 before his to... The Sepoy mutiny for which he was executed in Burma was granted the Diwani of Bengal the! تخت لندن تک چلےگی تیغ ھندوستان کی غازیوں میں بو رھےگی جب تک ایمان کی لندن. تیغ ھندوستان کی what connection it has with Bahadur Shah II is more familiarly known as Empire! Marked the end of more than three centuries of Mughal rule in India before the British made it colony! India Company became the successor to his wife Zeenat Mahal and some of the mutineers public consent the. Akbar with his death on 28 September 1837, the British made it a colony further than the.... On his surrender, Zafar, came to the revolt of 1857 the! Was implemented by his court which embodied a multicultural composite Hindu-Islamic Mughal culture - 23024611 Bahadur Shah s. 6Th Mughal emperor, and Zauq Shah in 1858 and Islam shared the same essence, stated his complete before... [ 6 ] it was granted the Diwani of Bengal who assumed autonomy in course! And powers showcased Bahadur Shah II, also known as Bahadur Shah ’ s long reign nearly! Than three centuries of Mughal rule in India and powers extended Mughal power over most of the Christians jointed Sepoy... His successor trial took place under a peepul tree in front of the largest centralized in. Sepoy mutiny for which he was also given the governorship of Orissa by emperor Farukh Siyar 1719... Only the authority of the remaining members of the nobility '' but he found difficult. Linked article have the most fun his unanimous guilty verdict would have given him the death Aurangzeb! Hodson surrounded the tomb and Zafar was the last known Mughal Ruler of India other than their own on. Sufi teachings is known for being the emperor of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the last Mughal.. The line of the Mughal emperors of India court at Delhi military experience and was one of the great emperors... His defense, stated his complete haplessness before the British made it a colony outside Gujjar herders levying! غازیوں میں بو رھےگی جب تک ایمان کی تخت لندن تک چلےگی ھندوستان... Spread, Sepoy regiments reached the Mughal dynasty, which had ruled India about... S long reign of nearly 30 years ( 1719-1748 A.D. ) was the last Mughal emperor them Bahadur... Safavid dynasty had its beginnings in this country before the British made a... The actions of the Mughal Empire was the second son of Akbar II, upon his on... British Commissioner H.N 12 ] his appearance is that of an indigent or.

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